Psychological Disorders are often misunderstood and shrouded in mystery. They are often seen as taboo, and something to be ashamed of. This can be detrimental to those suffering from Disorders, as they may not seek out the help they need. It is important to remember that Psychological Disorders are real, and often require professional help to treat.
Psychosis is the term given to mental disorders that cause people to hear, see, or believe things that aren’t really there. Psychosis is usually temporary and can be brought on by a number of things, including stress, depression, or drug abuse.
A list of Psychological Disorders & Syndromes:
Acute Stress Disorder – Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) is a medical condition characterized by excessive anxiety that causes a shutdown in a person’s normal coping mechanisms.
Adjustment Disorder – Adjustment Disorder is a stress-related mental health disorder that is characterized by impulsivity, instability, and disorganization. Adjustment Disorder usually affects children and teens, but it can occur at any age. The disorder is temporary, and it usually resolves itself if it is not given too much attention.
Agnosia Disorder – Agnosia, or “the inability to recognize an object,” is a problem with memory. Agnosia can also cause problems with someone’s ability to recognize people, places, or emotions. Agnosia is most commonly caused by brain damage due to a stroke. A stroke causes damage to certain areas of the brain, such as the left temporal lobe, which controls memory and language. the damage can cause someone to fail to recognize objects, faces, words, or math.
Antisocial Personality Disorder – Antisocial personality disorder, also known as sociopathy, is a lifelong personality disorder. People with an antisocial personality disorder often have difficulty conforming to social norms. They often have a general disregard for the rights of others. These individuals are often charming but have no qualms about deceit and manipulation. they will often grow up and realize their bad behavior has seriously affected their relationships.
Aphasia Disorder – There is an alphabetical list of common psychological disorders, but a few words seem out of place. For example, there is no disorder named “Aphasia.” Aphasia is a language disorder that results from damage to the left hemisphere of the brain. Damage to the Broca’s area or Wernicke’s area, the left hemisphere of the brain that processes language, is the most common cause of language disorders.
Aphasia-Apraxia-Agnósico Syndrome – Aphasia and agnosia are language conditions that affect a person’s ability to learn, speak, and write. The symptoms of both conditions can be similar to each other. Aphasia is an impairment in speech, writing, reading, or a combination of both. Aphasia can impair a person’s ability to speak or understand words. It can also impair a person’s ability to write. Agnosia, on the other hand, is an impaired ability to recognize words or understand language.
Apraxia Disorder – Apraxia refers to a disorder, involving motor sequencing, processing, and movement. People with apraxia have difficulty performing tasks that require fine motor skills. Some common signs of apraxia include difficulty copying drawings, maintaining balance, and using scissors.
Asperger Syndrome – Millions of people have Asperger Syndrome. This disorder makes it hard for the person with Asperger Syndrome to understand what other people are saying. It is also hard for a person with Asperger Syndrome to communicate with other people.
Attention Deficit Disorder – Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a developmental disorder that affects 1-3% of school-age children. ADD is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and, sometimes, poor concentration.
Atypical Depression – Atypical Depression is a mood disorder that mimics depression but differs from it in some ways. People with Atypical Depression may feel sad and cry, but they’ll also hear voices in their heads. These voices will tell the person to do things to harm someone. This depression can last for years.
Autism Disorder – According to the Mayo Clinic, autism is a complex neurological disorder that affects the way a person communicates, socializes, and shows emotion. Autism is a developmental disability that affects children. Children with autism often have unusual behaviors or interests, poor social skills, and repetitive behaviors.
Avoidant / Restrictive Food Intake Disorder – People who suffer from Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) have an extreme fear of being dependent on food to survive. This fear causes them to avoid eating certain food items as well as eating at certain times.
Binge Eating Disorder – Binge eating occurs in people when they eat large amounts of food and then feel extremely uncomfortable within themselves. One may eat 500 calories or more in one sitting. This behavior can have serious negative health consequences. Eating disorders describe a group of mental disorders that involve excessive eating or loss of control over eating. Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is one of the most common eating disorders in college students, but BED is not always diagnosed.
Binswanger’s Disease – Discoveries related to this Binswanger’s Disease were made by a German scientist named Johannes Friedrich Bayer. He was a doctor and chemist when in 1784, he discovered a yellow dye that he had extracted from a root of a plant, the cinquefoil. In 1787, Bayer named this dye aniline. In 1818, he named the dye indigotin.
Bipolar Disorder – Bipolar disorder, also called manic depression, involves drastic mood swings where someone goes from feeling extremely happy to feeling very sad and short-tempered. It usually occurs suddenly. This disorder affects about 5% of adults in the US, but it can also affect young children.
Borderline Personality Disorder – According to the DSM-5, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), formerly called Borderline Personality Disorder, NOS, is a mental illness characterized by unstable relationships, self-image, and mood. People with this disorder may display behaviors such as impulsivity, self-harm, and suicidal gestures.
Bulimia Nervosa – Bulimia Nervosa is a type of eating disorder that is characterized by excessive hunger and uncontrolled eating. The condition causes an individual to binge eat and then purge by self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives and diuretics, or fasting. The disorder can cause obesity and can lead to severe health problems.
Capgras Syndrome – Capgras syndrome is a rare condition in which a patient will believe they are another person. The condition is named after Capgras, a village in France where a woman began to believe that her husband was a woman. In reality, neither the man nor the woman was married and the man was not a woman. The condition has been said to be the result of trauma to the patient or a loss of memory.
Catatonic Schizophrenia – Catatonic schizophrenia is a mental illness in which patients are unable to speak or move. This form of schizophrenia can be mild or severe. Disorganized schizophrenia occurs in approximately 1% to 3% of schizophrenia patients.
Central Sleep Apnea – Central sleep apnea is sleep apnea that occurs as a result of a blockage that occurs in the brain stem. Its symptoms include irregular breathing, pauses in breathing, and breathing sounds. The condition is treatable and is typically treated with a CPAP machine, which blows pressurized air into the patient’s airway. The good news is that central sleep apnea is uncommon; however, it can be fatal if left untreated.
Chronic Stress – When times are tough, there is often a temptation to cut corners, including in health. However, often, that isn’t the best way forward. Stress, particularly chronic stress, can have a detrimental effect on our physical and mental health.
Clinical Depression – Depression is a mood disorder that causes persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and lack of energy. These feelings interfere with a person’s ability to function normally. Depression is a clinical illness, which can have debilitating effects on an individual and his or her loved ones.
Conduct Disorder – Conduct Disorder (CD) is a mental illness that causes a person to have unusually, frightening and impossible-to-describe behavior. Most people who have Conduct Disorder have several different mental disorders. For example, people with Conduct Disorder often have an anxiety disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Conversion Disorder – Conversion Disorder is a very rare, but very serious psychological disorder that is linked to certain medical conditions and seen in young children. In Conversion Disorder, the brain cannot recognize the difference between motion and static images, so the child will jerk his or her body in response to changes in the picture.
Cyclothymic Disorder – Cyclothymia is a mood disorder that is characterized by alternating periods of depression and mania. A person experiencing cyclothymia may have periods of depression that last for 3 months or longer, and during this time, they may have a decreased need for sleep and appetite. They may also have feelings of hopelessness, despair, helplessness, worthlessness, and/or irritability.
Delusional Disorder – Delusional Disorder is a mental disorder in which the patient holds a fixed, false belief that is not in line with reality. The belief is not simply a mistaken view of reality, but rather, it is a conviction that the patient holds despite evidence to the contrary.
Dementia (Greater Neurocognitive Disorder) – Dementia is a group of neurological symptoms that cause problems with memory, attention, and the ability to carry out daily tasks. Dementia typically occurs in people over the age of 65, although younger people can have it too.
Dependent Personality Disorder – Dependent Personality Disorder is a mental disorder that is characterized by an extreme need for approval and approval from others. Individuals with this disorder often go to great lengths to please others and avoid any type of conflict or criticism.
Down Syndrome – Down Syndrome is a chromosomal disorder caused when there is an error in cell division. This error results in an extra copy of the 21st chromosome, which causes developmental delays and a host of other physical and mental problems.
Epilepsy – Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders that cause seizures. A seizure occurs when abnormal electrical activity in the brain causes a sudden change in the brain’s functioning.
Factitious Disorder – Factitious disorder is an illness marked by the production of seemingly authentic physical or psychological symptoms for social or performance purposes.
Fear Of Heights – People who suffer from acrophobia are afraid, or phobic, of heights. Acrophobia is the irrational fear of heights. Acrophobia is a phobia. Phobias are very strong, extreme, unreasonable fears of things that most people find to be non-threatening.
Fear Of Losing Control – Fear of losing control is a fear of being unable to carry out one’s normal self-control, normally because of an overwhelming emotion (e.g., fear). It is similar to but differs from phobia. Fear of losing control or inability to control is associated with anxiety.
Fear Of Sounds – A fear of sounds is called phonophobia (/ˈpɒnəfəjə/) (from Greek φωνεῖν, phōneîn, ‘to hear’). It may be a paraphobia, and for some sufferers, a panic disorder. An extreme phobia of loud noises is hyperacusis.
Fetishism disorder – Fetishism disorder (FD) is a paraphilia in which people experience sexual arousal from objects, animals, and people. This arousal, or sexual interest, is caused because people believe that these non-sexual objects are sexually attractive, or that the objects make them different from other people.