Psychological Disorders are often misunderstood and shrouded in mystery. They are often seen as taboo, and something to be ashamed of. This can be detrimental to those suffering from Disorders, and addiction they may not seek out the help they need. It is important to remember that Psychological Disorders are real, and often require professional help to treat.
Psychosis is the term given to mental disorders that cause people to hear, see, or believe things that aren’t really there. Psychosis is usually temporary and can be brought on by a number of things, including stress, depression, or drug abuse.
A list of Psychological Disorders & Syndromes:
Acute Stress Disorder – Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) is a medical condition characterized by excessive anxiety that causes a shutdown in a person’s normal coping mechanisms.
Adjustment Disorder – Adjustment Disorder is a stress-related mental health disorder that is characterized by impulsivity, instability, and disorganization. Adjustment Disorder usually affects children and teens, but it can occur at any age. The disorder is temporary, and it usually resolves itself if it is not given too much attention.
Agnosia Disorder – Agnosia, or “the inability to recognize an object,” is a problem with memory. Agnosia can also cause problems with someone’s ability to recognize people, places, or emotions. Agnosia is most commonly caused by brain damage due to a stroke. A stroke causes damage to certain areas of the brain, such as the left temporal lobe, which controls memory and language. the damage can cause someone to fail to recognize objects, faces, words, or math.
Antisocial Personality Disorder – Antisocial personality disorder, also known as sociopathy, is a lifelong personality disorder. People with an antisocial personality disorder often have difficulty conforming to social norms. They often have a general disregard for the rights of others. These individuals are often charming but have no qualms about deceit and manipulation. they will often grow up and realize their bad behavior has seriously affected their relationships.
Aphasia Disorder – There is an alphabetical list of common psychological disorders, but a few words seem out of place. For example, there is no disorder named “Aphasia.” Aphasia is a language disorder that results from damage to the left hemisphere of the brain. Damage to the Broca’s area or Wernicke’s area, the left hemisphere of the brain that processes language, is the most common cause of language disorders.
Aphasia-Apraxia-Agnósico Syndrome – Aphasia and agnosia are language conditions that affect a person’s ability to learn, speak, and write. The symptoms of both conditions can be similar to each other. Aphasia is an impairment in speech, writing, reading, or a combination of both. Aphasia can impair a person’s ability to speak or understand words. It can also impair a person’s ability to write. Agnosia, on the other hand, is an impaired ability to recognize words or understand language.
Apraxia Disorder – Apraxia refers to a disorder, involving motor sequencing, processing, and movement. People with apraxia have difficulty performing tasks that require fine motor skills. Some common signs of apraxia include difficulty copying drawings, maintaining balance, and using scissors.
Asperger Syndrome – Millions of people have Asperger Syndrome. This disorder makes it hard for the person with Asperger Syndrome to understand what other people are saying. It is also hard for a person with Asperger Syndrome to communicate with other people.
Attention Deficit Disorder – Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a developmental disorder that affects 1-3% of school-age children. ADD is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and, sometimes, poor concentration.
Atypical Depression – Atypical Depression is a mood disorder that mimics depression but differs from it in some ways. People with Atypical Depression may feel sad and cry, but they’ll also hear voices in their heads. These voices will tell the person to do things to harm someone. This depression can last for years.
Autism Disorder – According to the Mayo Clinic, autism is a complex neurological disorder that affects the way a person communicates, socializes, and shows emotion. Autism is a developmental disability that affects children. Children with autism often have unusual behaviors or interests, poor social skills, and repetitive behaviors.
Avoidant / Restrictive Food Intake Disorder – People who suffer from Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) have an extreme fear of being dependent on food to survive. This fear causes them to avoid eating certain food items as well as eating at certain times.
Binge Eating Disorder – Binge eating occurs in people when they eat large amounts of food and then feel extremely uncomfortable within themselves. One may eat 500 calories or more in one sitting. This behavior can have serious negative health consequences. Eating disorders describe a group of mental disorders that involve excessive eating or loss of control over eating. Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is one of the most common eating disorders in college students, but BED is not always diagnosed.
Binswanger’s Disease – Discoveries related to this Binswanger’s Disease were made by a German scientist named Johannes Friedrich Bayer. He was a doctor and chemist when in 1784, he discovered a yellow dye that he had extracted from a root of a plant, the cinquefoil. In 1787, Bayer named this dye aniline. In 1818, he named the dye indigotin.
Bipolar Disorder – Bipolar disorder, also called manic depression, involves drastic mood swings where someone goes from feeling extremely happy to feeling very sad and short-tempered. It usually occurs suddenly. This disorder affects about 5% of adults in the US, but it can also affect young children.
Borderline Personality Disorder – According to the DSM-5, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), formerly called Borderline Personality Disorder, NOS, is a mental illness characterized by unstable relationships, self-image, and mood. People with this disorder may display behaviors such as impulsivity, self-harm, and suicidal gestures.
Bulimia Nervosa – Bulimia Nervosa is a type of eating disorder that is characterized by excessive hunger and an uncontrolled eating disorder. The condition causes an individual to binge eat and then purge by self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives and diuretics, or fasting. The disorder can cause obesity and can lead to severe health problems.
Capgras Syndrome – Capgras syndrome is a rare condition in which a patient will believe they are another person. The condition is named after Capgras, a village in France where a woman began to believe that her husband was a woman. In reality, neither the man nor the woman was married and the man was not a woman. The condition has been said to be the result of trauma to the patient or a loss of memory.
Catatonic Schizophrenia – Catatonic schizophrenia is a mental illness in which patients are unable to speak or move. This form of schizophrenia can be mild or severe. Disorganized schizophrenia occurs in approximately 1% to 3% of schizophrenia patients.
Central Sleep Apnea – Central sleep apnea is sleep apnea that occurs as a result of a blockage that occurs in the brain stem. Its symptoms include irregular breathing, pauses in breathing, and breathing sounds. The condition is treatable and is typically treated with a CPAP machine, which blows pressurized air into the patient’s airway. The good news is that central sleep apnea is uncommon; however, it can be fatal if left untreated.
Chronic Stress – When times are tough, there is often a temptation to cut corners, including in health. However, often, that isn’t the best way forward. Stress, particularly chronic stress, can have a detrimental effect on our physical and mental health.
Clinical Depression – Depression is a mood disorder that causes persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and lack of energy. These feelings interfere with a person’s ability to function normally. Depression is a clinical illness, which can have debilitating effects on an individual and his or her loved ones.
Conduct Disorder – Conduct Disorder (CD) is a mental illness that causes a person to have unusually, frightening and impossible-to-describe behavior. Most people who have Conduct Disorder have several different mental disorders. For example, people with Conduct Disorder often have an anxiety disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Conversion Disorder – Conversion Disorder is a very rare, but very serious psychological disorder that is linked to certain medical conditions and seen in young children. In Conversion Disorder, the brain cannot recognize the difference between motion and static images, so the child will jerk his or her body in response to changes in the picture.
Cyclothymic Disorder – Cyclothymia is a mood disorder that is characterized by alternating periods of depression and mania. A person experiencing cyclothymia may have periods of depression that last for 3 months or longer, and during this time, they may have a decreased need for sleep and appetite. They may also have feelings of hopelessness, despair, helplessness, worthlessness, and/or irritability.
Delusional Disorder – Delusional Disorder is a mental disorder in which the patient holds a fixed, false belief that is not in line with reality. The belief is not simply a mistaken view of reality, but rather, it is a conviction that the patient holds despite evidence to the contrary.
Dementia (Greater Neurocognitive Disorder) – Dementia is a group of neurological symptoms that cause problems with memory, attention, and the ability to carry out daily tasks. Dementia typically occurs in people over the age of 65, although younger people can have it too.
Dependent Personality Disorder – Dependent Personality Disorder is a mental disorder that is characterized by an extreme need for approval and approval from others. Individuals with this disorder often go to great lengths to please others and avoid any type of conflict or criticism.
Down Syndrome – Down Syndrome is a chromosomal disorder caused when there is an error in cell division. This error results in an extra copy of the 21st chromosome, which causes developmental delays and a host of other physical and mental problems.
Epilepsy – Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders that cause seizures. A seizure occurs when abnormal electrical activity in the brain causes a sudden change in the brain’s functioning.
Factitious Disorder – Factitious disorder is an illness marked by the production of seemingly authentic physical or psychological symptoms for social or performance purposes.
Fear Of Heights – People who suffer from acrophobia are afraid, or phobic, of heights. Acrophobia is the irrational fear of heights. Acrophobia is a phobia. Phobias are very strong, extreme, unreasonable fears of things that most people find to be non-threatening.
Fear Of Losing Control – Fear of losing control is a fear of being unable to carry out one’s normal self-control, normally because of an overwhelming emotion (e.g., fear). It is similar to but differs from phobia. Fear of losing control or inability to control is associated with anxiety.
Fear Of Sounds – A fear of sounds is called phonophobia (/ˈpɒnəfəjə/) (from Greek φωνεῖν, phōneîn, ‘to hear’). It may be a paraphobia, and for some sufferers, a panic disorder. An extreme phobia of loud noises is hyperacusis.
Fetishism disorder – Fetishism disorder (FD) is a paraphilia in which people experience sexual arousal from objects, animals, and people. This arousal, or sexual interest, is caused because people believe that these non-sexual objects are sexually attractive, or that the objects make them different from other people.
Frotteurism disorder – Frotteurism disorder is a condition where an individual feels the need to touch or rub against another person in a sexual way, without that person’s consent. This can happen in crowded places, such as subways or busy streets.
Gambling Addiction – Gambling addiction is a serious psychological disorder that can have devastating consequences on a person’s life. If you or someone you know is struggling with gambling addiction, it’s important to seek professional help.
Gender Identity Disorder – Gender Identity Disorder also called Gender Dysphoria, is a condition where a person experiences discomfort or distress because their physical sex does not match their gender identity.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder – (GAD) is an anxiety disorder that is characterized by excessive and uncontrollable worry about everyday things. People with GAD may experience a variety of symptoms, including restlessness, fatigue, irritability, muscle tension, and difficulty sleeping.
Hallucination – Hallucination is a common symptom of mental illness. It is defined as a sensory experience that occurs in the absence of an external stimulus. Hallucinations can occur in any of the five senses, but the most common type is auditory.
Histrionic Personality Disorder – Histrionic Personality Disorder is a mental illness that is characterized by dramatic, attention-seeking behaviors. These behaviors may include excessive emotionality, excessive need for approval, and a sense of self-importance.
Huntington’s Disease – Huntington’s Disease is a prime example of a psychological disorder that can be passed down genetically. The disease causes a breakdown in the central nervous system and can lead to problems with thinking, emotions, and movement.
Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder – Hypoactive sexual desire disorder is a condition where a person experiences little to no sexual desire. This can be a problem for both men and women and can cause significant distress in a person’s life.
Hypomanic Disorder – Hypomanic Disorder is a disorder where people experience long periods of happiness and energy. This can be a good thing or a bad thing depending on the person. Some people with this disorder may feel like they can do anything and may take on too many projects.
Intellectual Disability – Intellectual Disability is a condition marked by below-average intellectual functioning and a lack of skills necessary for everyday living. Intellectual disabilities can be caused by genetic abnormalities, prenatal damage, or postnatal damage.
Internet Addiction Disorder – Internet Addiction Disorder is a real problem for a lot of people. It can be hard to break the cycle of constantly being on the internet, especially if it’s your job. But there are help groups and therapy options available to people who want to get better.
Language Disorder – A language disorder is a communication disorder that makes it difficult for a person to process and/or produce language. There are two types of language disorders: receptive and expressive. Receptive language disorders make it difficult for a person to understand language.
Melancholic Depression – Melancholic Depression is also known as Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), is a type of depression that is characterized by a persistent feeling of sadness and emptiness.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder – Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a mental disorder that is characterized by an inflated sense of self-importance, a need for excessive admiration, and a lack of empathy for others.
Narcolepsy Disorder – Narcolepsy Disorder is one of the most common psychological disorders. It is a sleep disorder that causes a person to fall asleep suddenly and without warning. It can happen at any time, even during the day.
Neurocognitive Disorder – Neurocognitive Disorder is formerly known as Dementia, is a broad category of mental disorders that affect the ability to think and remember. Many different causes can lead to neurocognitive disorder, including disease, injury, and medications.
Night Terrors – Night Terrors are a type of sleep disorder where the person affected experiences extreme fear and anxiety during the night. This can lead to them yelling, crying, or even thrashing around in their sleep. Night terrors are most common in children, but can also happen to adults.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder – OCD, is one of the most common psychological disorders. It is characterized by intrusive, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive, ritualistic behaviors (compulsions). People with OCD often feel that they must perform their compulsions in order to prevent something bad from happening. There are effective treatments for OCD, including medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea – (OSA) is a sleep disorder that is characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. These pauses can last for a few seconds to a minute and can occur dozens to hundreds of times every night.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder – ODD is a childhood disorder that can persist into adolescence and adulthood. It is characterized by a pattern of defiant, disobedient, and hostile behavior toward authority figures.
Panic Disorder – Panic Disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, unexpected panic attacks. Panic attacks are sudden periods of intense fear that may include palpitations, sweating, shaking, shortness of breath, numbness, or a feeling that something bad is going to happen.
Paranoid Personality Disorder – Paranoid Personality Disorder is a mental disorder characterized by paranoia and a general mistrust of others. Paranoid Personality Disorder can be a difficult disorder to live with, as it can make it hard to form and maintain healthy relationships.
Paranoid Schizophrenia – Paranoid Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that is characterized by delusions and hallucinations. People with this illness may believe that other people are out to get them, or that they are being followed or watched.
Parasomnia – Parasomnia is a category of sleep disorders that involves abnormal behavior during sleep. The most common parasomnias are sleepwalking and sleep terrors, which can both be quite frightening for the person experiencing them and for anyone who witnesses them.
Degenerative Disorder – Degenerative disorders are those in which the individual’s condition deteriorates over time. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common degenerative disorder. Degenerative disorders are characterized by a gradual deterioration of the individual’s condition.
Personality Disorder – A personality disorder is a type of mental disorder that can disrupt a person’s ability to function in their day-to-day lives. Personality disorders are characterized by patterns of behavior, thoughts, and emotions that are different from what is considered normal.
Pick’s Disease – Pick’s Disease is a type of frontotemporal dementia. Early-onset Pick’s Disease typically affects people between the ages of 41 and 60. The average life expectancy for someone with Pick’s Disease is about 10 years from the time of diagnosis.
Porn Addiction – Porn addiction is a serious psychological disorder that can have a number of negative consequences. Porn addiction can lead to erectile dysfunction, relationship problems, and low. Porn addiction can also be a sign of other underlying mental health issues, such as anxiety or depression.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a psychological disorder that can develop after a person is exposed to a traumatic event, such as sexual assault, warfare, or a natural disaster.
Postpartum Depression – Postpartum Depression is a psychological disorder that can affect women after giving birth. It is important to note that not all women experience postpartum depression and that it is different from the “baby blues.”
Premature Ejaculation – (PE) is sexual dysfunction characterized by ejaculation that occurs before or shortly after sexual penetration. It may occur before or after minimal sexual stimulation and is often associated with anxiety about sexual performance.
Psychosomatic Disorder – Psychosomatic Disorder is a type of psychological disorder where someone experiences physical symptoms due to psychological factors. This can include things like headaches, stomachaches, and even ulcers.
Psychotic Depression – Psychotic depression is a severe form of clinical depression that is characterized by the presence of psychotic symptoms. These can include hallucinations, delusions, and/or paranoid thoughts. Treatment for psychotic depression typically includes a combination of medication and psychotherapy.
Psychotic Disorders – Psychotic Disorders are a category of mental disorders that affect a person’s ability to think, feel, and behave in a healthy way. People with psychotic disorders can have problems with their perception of reality.
Residual Schizophrenia – Residual Schizophrenia is a type of schizophrenia that is characterized by a lessened severity of symptoms, but the symptoms are still present. It is important to note that residual schizophrenia is not the same as having a milder form of the disorder.
Restless Legs Syndrome – (RLS) is a neurological disorder that causes a strong, often irresistible urge to move one’s legs. This urge is usually accompanied by a tingling or burning sensation in the legs. RLS is a chronic condition that can cause significant disruptions to a person’s quality of life.
Rumination Disorder – Rumination Disorder is a Psychological Disorder where an individual can’t stop thinking about a problem or issue. This can lead to severe anxiety and depression.
Sadistic Personality Disorder – Sadistic Personality Disorder is a personality disorder where someone derives pleasure from the pain of others, both physically and emotionally. They may be very charming and charismatic on the surface, but underneath they are often manipulative and cruel.
Schizoaffective Disorder – Schizoaffective Disorder is a mental illness that is characterized by both schizophrenia and a mood disorder, either depression or bipolar disorder. Treatment for schizoaffective disorder typically includes medication and therapy.
Schizoid Personality Disorder – Schizoid Personality Disorder is a mental disorder characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships, a preference for solitary activity, secretiveness, and emotional coldness.
Schizophreniform Disorder – Schizophreniform Disorder is a mental disorder that is characterized by symptoms that are similar to those seen in schizophrenia but last for a shorter period of time. This disorder can cause changes in mood, behavior, thinking, and how a person perceives the world around them.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder – Schizotypal Personality Disorder is a mental disorder that is characterized by odd behaviors and thoughts, as well as a lack of ability to effectively socialize and connect with others.
Seasonal Affective Disorder – (SAD) is a type of depression that is related to changes in seasons. SAD is more common in the winter when there is less natural light. Symptoms of SAD can include feeling hopeless, low energy, and irritability.
Sensory Processing Disorder – Sensory Processing Disorder is a condition where the brain has trouble processing and responding to sensory information. This can lead to a number of problems, including difficulty with motor skills, social skills, and self-regulation.
Separation Anxiety Disorder – Separation Anxiety Disorder is a psychological disorder that is characterized by anxiety when separated from a loved one. This anxiety can manifest itself in various ways, such as through physical symptoms such as racing heart, sweating, and difficulty breathing, or through behavioral symptoms such as clinginess, crying, and tantrums.
Sexsomnia – Sexsomnia is a type of parasomnia, which is a disorder that causes people to do things while they are asleep that they would not do while they are awake. It is a rare condition, but it can be very disruptive to a person’s life.
Sleep Disorder – A sleep disorder is a condition that negatively affects the way a person sleeps. Sleep disorders can cause a person to feel exhausted during the day, have difficulty falling asleep at night, sleep fitfully, or wake up too early.
Sleep Paralysis – Sleep paralysis is a type of sleep disorder that can cause people to feel paralyzed when they wake up. This can happen when people are falling asleep or waking up. People may also feel like they are unable to move or breathe.
Sleepwalking – Sleepwalking also known as somnambulism is a sleep disorder in which people walk or perform other activities while they are asleep. Sleepwalking occurs when the person is in a deep sleep and is not able to respond to their environment.
Social Media Addiction – Social media addiction is a real and growing problem. According to a recent study, social media addiction is now the most common psychological disorder in the United States. The study found that one in eight Americans suffer from social media addiction, and the problem is only getting worse.
Substance Abuse Disorder – Substance Abuse Disorder is a serious mental illness that can lead to problems with work, school, and relationships. It can also lead to health problems, including addiction and overdose.
Trichotillomania – Trichotillomania is classified as an impulse control disorder, which is a type of psychological disorder. People with this disorder have an irresistible urge to pull out their hair, regardless of the consequences.
Turner Syndrome – Turner Syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that affects about 1 in every 2,500 live female births. Girls with Turner Syndrome are usually shorter than their peers and may have some physical differences, such as a webbed neck or low-set ears.
Video Game Addiction – Video game addiction is a growing problem in the United States. More and more children and adults are becoming addicted to playing video games. This addiction can lead to problems with school, work, and personal relationships.
Visual Agnosia – Visual Agnosia is a disorder where a person is unable to interpret what they see. This can be due to damage to the brain from an injury or a stroke. People with this disorder may be able to see but not understand what they are seeing. This can be a very frustrating and debilitating condition.
Nightmare – A nightmare is a type of sleep disorder where the person experiences intense fear or terror during sleep. Nightmares can be caused by a variety of things, including stress, anxiety, medications, and sleep deprivation.
Paraphilia – Paraphilia is a psychological disorder characterized by a sexual fixation on non-human objects, children, or corpses, or on sexual activities that are considered abnormal by society. People with paraphilias are often fixated on a specific object, which they may use in sexual fantasies or in real life.
Speech disorder – Speech disorder is a type of psychological disorder that can make it hard for a person to speak clearly. The person may have trouble saying certain words or may speak in a way that is hard to understand. Speech disorders can make it hard for a person to communicate with other people.
Anorgasmia – Anorgasmia is the medical term for difficulty achieving orgasm. It can be a lifelong condition or one that is acquired later in life. Anorgasmia can have many causes, both physical and psychological. Many women with anorgasmia have never had an orgasm.
Avoidant Personality Disorder – Avoidant Personality Disorder is a mental health condition characterized by extreme social anxiety and fear of rejection. People with this condition may go to great lengths to avoid social interaction, including skipping work or school, avoiding parties or other gatherings, and not answering the phone or door.
Deja Vu – Deja Vu is a psychological disorder where a person experiences a sense of déjà vu, or “already seen”. déjà vu is a French term meaning “already seen”. déjà vu occurs when a person has the feeling that they have already experienced the current situation, even though they know that they have not.
Dysomnia – Dysomnia is a condition of dementia that causes brief episodes of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. It may also cause episodes of confusion.
Dyspraxia – Dyspraxia is a brain condition that causes problems with motor skills. The cause of dyspraxia is unknown. People with dyspraxia may have trouble learning new skills or doing everyday tasks. They may also have vision or hearing problems. Dyspraxia is not curable, but treatments can help.
Hypersomnia – Hypersomnia is a condition in which a person has difficulty falling and staying asleep, or sleeping during the night. While a lack of sleep can be normal, a long-term lack of sleep can cause other disorders.
Insomnia – Insomnia is having trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. It is one of the most common sleep disorders. It can be temporary, lasting several days, such as when jet lag keeps you up. Or it can be chronic, lasting weeks or months.
Masochism – Masochism is an extreme form of self-flagellation, or self-punishment, that involves self-flagellation and self-abuse. A masochist desires pain, punishment, or humiliation, or may have already experienced it, and enjoys engaging in it.
Neurosis – Neurosis is a mental disorder that causes a person to feel excessively worried about everyday problems. A person with this condition may spend a lot of time thinking and worrying about their problems — or they may keep repeating the same worries over and over.
Paranoia – Paranoia is an exaggerated fear of other people. Paranoia is common in people who have experienced trauma, especially childhood trauma or abuse. Many people have low levels of paranoia.
Pyromania – Pyromania is the tendency to develop a strong hatred for fire, as in setting it on fire or twirling it. Pyromania is an emotional disorder that manifests as uncontrollable feelings of rage, being unable to resist the urge to light fires. Individuals with pyromania often have other mental disorders, such as mood disorders, personality disorders, or schizotypal personality disorders.
Stockholm Syndrome – Stockholm Syndrome is a psychological disorder that can occur when someone is taken captive and held against their will. The captor may be a physical abuser, a sexual abuser, or someone who is emotionally abusive.