INFJ Personality: Definition, Functional Analysis, Weaknesses and Strengths

The INFJ personality is distinguished both by their complexity of character and by the unusual scope and depth of their talents, strongly humanitarian in perspective, they tend to be idealistic, and due to their preference for closure and completion, they are generally “doers. »And dreamers, this rare combination of vision and practicality often results in INFJs taking on a disproportionate amount of responsibility for the various causes that many of them seem to attract.

What is the INFJ personality?

INFJs are creative breeders with a strong sense of personal integrity and a drive to help others realize their potential, creative and dedicated, they have a talent for helping others with original solutions to their personal challenges.

The Counselor has a unique ability to intuit the emotions and motivations of others, and will often know how another person is feeling before that person knows it, they trust their ideas about others and have great faith in their ability to read to people, although they are sensitive, they are also reserved; The INFJ is private and selective in sharing intimate thoughts and feelings.

They are deeply concerned about their relationships with people and the state of humanity in general, in fact they are sometimes mistaken for extroverts because they seem so extroverted and are so genuinely interested in people, a product of the feeling function. that more easily show the world.

In contrast, INFJs are true introverts, who can only be emotionally intimate and satisfied with a select few from among their long-time friends, family, or obvious “soul mates,” while instinctively courting the personal and organizational demands that continually others do to them, at intervals INFJs will suddenly withdraw into themselves, sometimes shutting down even their intimates.

They tend to appear calm, loving and sensitive, and may find themselves listening carefully to other people’s ideas or concerns, they are very insightful with people and want to help others understand, they are not afraid of complex personal problems; in fact, they themselves are quite complex and have a rich inner life that few know, they reflect at length on ethical issues and feel things deeply. Because counselors initially seem so kind and reserved, they can surprise others with their intensity when one of their values ​​is threatened or challenged, their calm exterior hides the complexity of their inner worlds.

Because INFJs are such complex people, they can be reluctant to get involved with others who may not understand or appreciate them, and therefore can be difficult to get to know. Although they want to get along with others and support them in their goals, they are fiercely loyal to their own value system and will not follow others down a path that does not seem authentic to them, when they feel that their values ​​are not respected, or when their intuition says someone’s intentions are not pure, they are likely to retreat.

INFJ Personality Functional Analysis

Introverted Intuition

Intuitive introverts, INFJs enjoy greater clarity of perception of internal and unconscious processes that all except their INTJ cousins ​​communicate with the object and “live in the here and now” of the physical world, easily pick up on hidden psychological stimuli behind the most observable dynamics of behavior and affect. Their uncanny ability to deduce the inner workings of the mind, will, and emotions of others gives INFJs their reputations as prophets and seers.Unlike the confining and routine nature of introverted perception, introverted intuition frees up. these types of people to act intelligently and spontaneously as unique solutions emerge on a case-by-case basis.

Extroverted feeling

The extraverted feeling, the auxiliary decision function, expresses a range of emotions and opinions of, for and about people. INFJs, like many other types, find themselves caught between a desire to express their wealth of feelings and moral conclusions about the actions and attitudes of others, and an awareness of the consequences of unbridled outspokenness. Some vent the emotions they attend privately, to trusted allies, such confidants are chosen with care, as INFJs are well aware of the betrayal that can reside in the hearts of mortals. This particular combination of introverted intuition and extraverted feeling provides INFJs with the raw material from which perceptual counselors are formed.

Introverted thinking

The INFJ’s thinking is introverted, turned towards the subject, perhaps it is when the thinking function is operative, they are more distant. A partner may suppose that such detachment signals a disappointment, that she too has lacked the sardonic eyes of this one who probes the depths of the human spirit. Experience suggests that such distancing is simply an indication that the seer is working hard and focusing energy on this less efficient tertiary function.

Extraverted detection

INFJs are twice blessed with clarity of vision, both internal and external in the same way that they possess an inner vision that is drawn to the forms of the unconscious, they also have an external sensory perception that easily takes over worldly objects.

Perception, however, is the INFJ’s weakest arsenal and the most vulnerable, like their intuitive peers, they can be so engrossed in intuitive perception that they become oblivious to physical reality. The INFJ under stress can fall prey to various forms of immediate gratification.

INFJ Personality Traits

They are conscientious and value-driven, seeking meaning in relationships, ideas, and events, with the goal of better understanding themselves and others. Using their intuitive abilities, they develop a clear and confident vision, which they then set out to execute, with the goal of improving the lives of others. Like their INTJ counterparts, INFJ views problems as opportunities to design and implement creative solutions.

INFJs are believed to adapt easily in social situations due to their complex understanding of an individual’s motivations; however, they are true introverts, they are private individuals who prefer to exert their influence behind the scenes. Although they are very independent, they are intensely interested in the welfare of others, preferring one-on-one relationships with large groups. Sensitive and complex, they are adept at understanding complicated problems and driven to resolve differences cooperatively and creatively.

INFJs are deeply concerned about their relationships with people and the state of humanity in general, in fact they are sometimes mistaken for extroverts because they seem so outgoing and are so genuinely interested in people, a product of the role of feeling that they show more easily to the world.

INFJs are said to have a rich and vivid inner life that they can be reluctant to share with those around them, are pleasant in their interactions, and perceptive of the emotions of others. Generally well liked by their peers, they can often be considered close friends and confidants by most other types; however, they are cautious about expressing their own feelings, especially to new people, and tend to build close relationships slowly.

They tend to be sensitive and calm leaders with a great depth of personality , they are intricate, deeply woven, quilt-like, mysterious, highly complex, and often puzzling, even to themselves, they have an orderly view of the world but are internally organized in a way. complex way that only they can understand. Summary in communication, living in a world of hidden meanings and possibilities, with a natural affinity for art, INFJs tend to be creative and straightforward inspiration, although they can also do well in the sciences, aided by their intuition.

INFJ personality strengths


Combining a vivid imagination with a strong sense of compassion, INFJs use their creativity to solve not technical challenges, but humans. People with the INFJ personality type enjoy finding the perfect solution for someone they care about, and this strength makes them excellent counselors and advisers.


Seeing through dishonesty and false motives, INFJs move from manipulation and selling tactics to more honest discussion, see how people and events are connected, and can use that insight to get to the heart of the matter.

Inspiring and compelling

Speaking in human, not technical terms, INFJs have a fluid and inspiring writing style that appeals to the inner idealist of their audience, they can even be astonishingly good speakers, speaking with warmth and passion, if they are proud of what they are saying.


Their creativity, insight, and inspiration can make a real impact on the world, as INFJs can carry out their ideas with conviction, willpower, and the planning necessary to see complex projects through to completion, they don’t just see the way things should be, but act on those ideas.

Determined and passionate

When INFJs come to believe that something is important, they pursue that goal with a conviction and energy that can catch their friends and loved ones off guard, they will rock the boat if necessary, something not everyone likes to see. But his passion for his chosen cause is an inseparable part of his personality.


These strengths are used for good. INFJs have strong beliefs and take the actions that they are not doing because they are trying to advance, but because they are trying to advance an idea that they truly believe will make the world a better place.

INFJ personality weaknesses


When someone challenges or criticizes INFJ principles or values, they are likely to receive an alarmingly strong response. People with the INFJ personality type are highly vulnerable to criticism and conflict, and questioning their motives is the fastest way to get to their bad side.

Extremely private

INFJs tend to present themselves as the culmination of an idea, this is partly because they believe in this idea, but also because INFJs are extremely private when it comes to their personal lives, using this image to avoid having to truly open up. Even for having close friends, trusting a new friend can be even more challenging for the INFJ.


INFJs are almost defined by their pursuit of ideals, while this is a wonderful quality in many ways, an ideal situation is not always possible – in politics, in business, in romance, INFJs too often drop out or ignore healthy and productive situations and relationships, always believing that there might be a better option .
They are so caught up in the passion of their activities that none of the cumbersome administrative or maintenance work that comes between them and the ideal they see on the horizon is deeply unpleasant. INFJs like to know that they are taking concrete steps towards their goals, and if routine tasks feel like they are getting in the way, or worse, there is no goal at all, they will feel restless and disappointed.

Can easily burn

Their passion, little patience for routine maintenance, tendency to present themselves as an ideal, and extreme privacy tend to leave INFJs with few options to vent. People with this personality type are likely to burn out quickly if they can’t find a way to balance their ideals with the realities of everyday life.

INFJ personality development

Phase I (Childhood)

INFJs are characterized by the development and mastery of their Introverted Intuition, as they are introverts, they can also display a significant development of their second function, the extraverted feeling, which can serve as a useful extravert tool for navigating the outside world. The role pair allows INFJs to make and express judgments, they are particularly well equipped to read and evaluate people, including their underlying motives.

As introverted intuition is a function of perception, INFJs should not be considered closed at any point in their development, but during Phase I, they can appear overly stubborn or closed-minded, at least from the outside, even if their judgments are precociously accurate, of Phase I may lack some discernment as to whether and when it is best to express these judgments. Also, his conclusions about have yet to be refined and tempered by his tertiary introverted thinking, making him more reluctant to review or revise them carefully.

Phase II (Adolescence- 30 years)

Once the dominant role reaches a certain threshold of strength and dominance, the lower INFJ role, extraverted sensing, enters the picture and begins to play a more influential role, this can be confusing because the lower one is not next. on the line for development in the functional stack. The undue influence of the inferior stems from its bipolar relationship with the dominant function, as I have discussed elsewhere, the inferior function is the main culprit in reckless running and relational decision making . Unfortunately, their influence peaks in Phase II of type development, which happens at the same time that INFJs make life-changing decisions about their careers and relationships.

In addition to the increasing presence and influence of their lower function, INFJs also begin to open up and refine their judgments through their tertiary function, Introverted Thinking, the logic of this serves to verify and refine their judgments and as INFJs do so. develop, they also become more interested in exploring their lower function, extraverted sensing.

Phase III (30 years, 40 years, and more)

Phase III, a phase that many individuals never reach or complete, is characterized by an attempt to understand and integrate the tertiary and lower functions. By bringing these less conscious functions into the light of consciousness, we can better visualize our path to wholeness, doing so requires understanding the nature of how these functions manifest within our type and being more aware of our personal patterns of unconscious behavior.

Once these patterns have become apparent, they can be replaced by healthier thoughts and behaviors, decisions and behaviors become increasingly wise and aware, creating a lasting sense of satisfaction and integrity. For INFJs, Phase III personal growth involves a deeper exploration of nature and the challenges associated with their tertiary introverted thinking and lower extraverted feeling.

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Hello, how are you? My name is Georgia Tarrant, and I am a clinical psychologist. In everyday life, professional obligations seem to predominate over our personal life. It's as if work takes up more and more of the time we'd love to devote to our love life, our family, or even a moment of leisure.

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